Electricity and Gas in Italy
A little bit of context
The Italian energy market has progressively been liberalized in the last few years, first for the biggest industrial consumers and then for all households. For decades, Italy’s energy has been provided by big public monopolies. Nowadays, residential consumers can freely choose their providers for electricity and gas on the free market or they also can take to the regulated tariffs, managed by the Authority (ARERA).
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Electricity in Italy, as in the rest of Europe, comes out of the wall socket at 220 volts, this is very important if you bring home appliances from your old house.
According to ARERA estimates, the electricity bill for a domestic consumer is divided as follows:
- Cost of electricity
- Cost of distribution and metering
- Cost of system charges
To avoid getting lost in the middle of your energy utility bureaucracy, it is useful to have a look at how things work regarding your power supplier:
|1. Import or national production: the free market||3. Distribution: local monopolies|
|2. Transportation: the high - voltage national grid is managed by Terna||4. Supplier: anybody among the free market vendors or the regulated market operator (generally linked to the local distributor)|
It is a complex network of infrastructure that allows the transport of electricity to the end-user. Through the primary substations, which transform high voltage electricity into medium voltage electricity, to the secondary substations (from medium voltage to low voltage) and the transformers. The distribution companies, operating under concessions, operate local, low-voltage electricity grids and maintain them.
The energy supplier is the company that sent you the bill to pay. You can choose the electricity supplier that you prefer.
The main suppliers are: